WORCESTER

WORCESTER
WORCESTER, town in central England. It was founded around 1159 and had a small Jewish population until the late thirteenth century. After the persecutions under John, the regents for Henry Ill confirmed the right of Jews to live there unmolested. In 1219, however, Bishop William de Blois promulgated restrictive measures against them. The so-called "Parliament of Jews" was held at Worcester in 1241, when 109 representatives of the 21 recognized Jewish communities were summoned to apportion a tax levy among themselves. The Jews suffered greatly in the Barons' Revolt (1264–65). Their expulsion from the city to Hereford was secured by Eleanor, the queen mother, in 1275. There were few Jews in Worcester in the 19th century. A small community was founded during World War II. The Jewish population in 1968 was 56, but no organized community exists today. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roth, England3, index; M. Adler, Jews of Medieval England (1939), index; H.G. Richardson, English Jewry under Angevin Kings (1960), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Hillaby in Worcs. Archaeol. Soc. Trans. 3S 12 (1990), 73–122. (Vivian David Lipman / Joe Hillaby (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • WORCESTER — WORCESTER, U.S. city in Massachusetts, 40 mi. (64 km.) W. of Boston. Its population was 172,648 (2000 census), with an estimated Jewish population of 10,000 in the city and surrounding area, which includes such communities as Westborough,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Worcester [2] — Worcester (spr. wúßter), 1) Stadt (city) und Grafschaft im westlichen England, links am Severn, Bischofssitz, mit einer 1084 vom Bischof Wulfstan begonnenen, aber erst im 13. und 14. Jahrh. vollendeten Kathedrale (1857–74 restauriert), mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Worcester —   [ wʊstə]    1) Hauptstadt der County Hereford and Worcester, Westengland, am Severn, 82 700 Einwohner; anglikanischer Bischofssitz; Porzellanmuseum, städtisches Museum; Herstellung von Porzellan, Keramik und Handschuhen, außerdem Maschinenbau;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Worcester — (spr. Wußter), 1) Grafschaft im westlichen Innern von England, zwischen den Grafschaften Stafford, Warwik, Gloucester, Hereford u. Shrop; 34,7 QM.; Flüsse: Saverne, Siour, Avon u.a., mehre Kanäle, einige Mineralquellen; die Grafschaft zeichnet… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Worcester — Worcester, MA U.S. city in Massachusetts Population (2000): 172648 Housing Units (2000): 70723 Land area (2000): 37.560810 sq. miles (97.282047 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.003488 sq. miles (2.599021 sq. km) Total area (2000): 38.564298 sq. miles …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Worcester, MA — U.S. city in Massachusetts Population (2000): 172648 Housing Units (2000): 70723 Land area (2000): 37.560810 sq. miles (97.282047 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.003488 sq. miles (2.599021 sq. km) Total area (2000): 38.564298 sq. miles (99.881068 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Worcester — v. de l O. de l Angleterre, sur la Severn; 81 000 hab.; ch. l. du comté de Hereford and Worcester. évêché. Cathédrale gothique (déb. XIIIe s.). Maisons anciennes. Victoire de Cromwell sur les armées de Charles II (1651) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Worcester — Worcester1 [woos′tər] Joseph Emerson 1784 1865; U.S. lexicographer Worcester2 [woos′tər] 1. city in E England, in Hereford and Worcester: county district pop. 81,000 2. WORCESTERSHIRE 3. city in central Mass.: pop. 173,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Worcester [1] — Worcester (spr. wúßter), Bezirk im SW. der britischsüdafrikan. Kapkolonie, 6793 qkm mit (1904) 18,922 Einw. (davon 7869 Weiße), nordöstlich von Kapstadt; gebirgig, vom obern Breede River durchzogen, hat es viel Weinbau und wird von der Eisenbahn… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Worcester — (spr. wußtĕr). 1) Westl. Grafschaft Englands, 1945 qkm, (1901) 488.401 E., im fruchtbaren Tale des Severn. – 2) Hauptstadt der engl. Grafsch. W., am Severn, (1901) 46.624 E., got. Kathedrale (7. bis 14. Jahrh.); Handschuh und… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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